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Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic or “minimally invasive” surgery is a specialized technique for performing surgery. In traditional “open” surgery the surgeon uses a single incision to enter into the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery uses several 0.5-1cm incisions. Specialized instruments and a special camera known as a laparoscope are passed through the trochars during the procedure. At the beginning of the procedure, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to provide a working and viewing space for the surgeon. The laparoscope transmits images from the abdominal cavity to high-resolution video monitors in the operating room.

 

During the operation the surgeon watches detailed images of the abdomen on the monitor. This system allows the surgeon to perform the same operations as traditional surgery but with smaller incisions.

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY?

Compared to traditional open surgery, patients often experience less pain, a shorter recovery, and less scarring with laparoscopic surgery.

WHAT KIND OF SURGERY CAN BE DONE WITH LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY?

Most bowel surgeries can be performed using the laparoscopic technique. These include surgery for Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, cancer, rectal prolapse, and severe constipation.

Concerns have been expressed in the past about the safety of laparoscopic surgery for cancer surgeries. Recently, several studies involving hundreds of patients have shown that laparoscopic surgery is safe for certain colorectal cancers.